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S.H.A.M.E. / September 3, 2012

This article is cross-posted from In These Times

Since its inception, the Huffington Post has relied heavily on unpaid bloggers. Huffington Post co-founder Ken Lerer said in 2007 that a key part of the plan of the website was to not pay these bloggers.

“That’s not our financial model,” Lerer told USA Today. “We offer them visibility, promotion and distribution with a great company.”

And a 2011 Forbes article quoted a former editor-in-chief from AOL, which owns the Huffington Post, saying that around the offices, “It was always, ‘Arianna does it. That’s what she’s built her business on. Why don’t we do it, too?’”

Despite its massive growth and sale to AOL for $315 million, the Huffington Post still relies heavily on the work on unpaid workers, and has refused to sign an agreement with the National Writers Union to pay all of its reporters who are assigned stories or report to editors. The Huffington Post currently has 50 paid reporters and more than 400 other staff employed as editors, photo editors, graphic designers, and business staffers on payroll, according to Huffington Post spokesman Rhoades Alderson. But the majority of its content is still generated by its network of more than 8,000 unpaid bloggers.

Some of Huffington Post’s unpaid bloggers submit op-eds in the same fashion that letters to the editor have been done for generations. However, other unpaid Huffington Post bloggers do something that has not been done in the past. As unpaid bloggers, they are given topics to write about by editors and report to them. Leaked internal emails from Huffington Post founding editor Roy Sekoff shows that Huffington Post editors hold “daily conference calls with small groups of citizen reporters” to coordinate their reporting. According to Sekoff, on these calls, “the journalists run their pitches by our … editors, get feedback and pointers, and are also able to discuss problems, questions, comments, etc with the other journalists on the call.”

In other words, they do all the work of reporters except for no paycheck, just exposure. According to Alderson, Huffington Post currently has four unpaid reporters from its Off the Bus program complementing more than a dozen paid reporters covering the Republican National Convention (RNC).

The unpaid so called “citizen journalists” are so important to Huffington Post’s reporting model that star Huffington Post White House reporter Sam Stein recently said in an Reddit.com interview, “At the Huffington Post we employ citizen journalists who help us get stories that we simply couldn’t get from Washington D.C. or New York. That doesn’t guarantee sucess. You still have to work hard, scrape for stories, etc…But its a fun and exciting time to be in this field.”

(Full disclosure, I previously cross-posted some of my work from other places on the Huffington Post as an unpaid blogger, but was fired after I participated in a protest of union construction workers at the Mortgage Bankers Association in January 2011. I guess only in this economy can you be fired from a job that doesn’t pay you anything)

However, at the RNC, the Huffington Post has shown just how quickly paying people for exposure can spread to professions beyond reporting.

“As part of its presence in Tampa, the Huffington Post offers convention attendees Oasis, a candle lit retreat that’s ‘a reminder to find balance in the hustle and bustle of the conventions,’ ” notes the National Writers Union in a statement. “Among the offerings are yoga classes, massages, mini-facials, and meditation. Like its thousands of citizen journalists and bloggers, the massage professionals are unpaid and working for ‘exposure.’ ”

Alderson confirms the Huffington Post did not pay the massage therapists rubbing down RNC attendees. Instead, the Huffington Post made a $40,000 donation to the non-profit group “Off the Mat into the World,” which promotes relaxation techniques like yoga and massage therapy. The group, which is not based in Tampa, then recruited a number of Tampa-area massage therapist to work at the RNC strictly for tips, no pay. Off the Mat into the World did not respond to a request for comment.

Irin Carmon, a staff writer at Salon who received one of the massages, says the unpaid massage therapist told her that he was basically doing it “for the exposure.” Massage therapists make on average $21,028 a year, but exposure and connections from working a high-profile event like the RNC could lead to paid work in the future.

Earlier this summer, the Obama administration enshrined the Huffington Post doctrine of having people work for free in order to gain exposure as an official policy for the unemployed. A new Department of Labor “Bridge to Work” demonstration program would build on Huffington model of working for exposure by allowing up to 10 states to let companies employ workers receiving unemployment compensation without the employer necessarily having to pay those workers. Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis wrote on Twitter when announcing the program, “As we explore every avenue to help our workforce recover, #volunteerism is a way job-seekers can do good and become more marketable.”

As construction worker Mike Daly, a member of Ironworker Local 377, told me last year, “If we as a labor movement allow the Huffington Post to get away with this pretty soon we are going to see young kids walking around construction sites working as unpaid apprentices,”.

The reality is that unpaid work such that at the Huffington Post rarely leads to real jobs.

“Unpaid work and volunteerism should not be seen as ‘stepping stones’ to a regular job: after all, today there are more unpaid internships around than ever before, and yet youth unemployment is near its all-time high,” says Ross Perlin, author of the book Intern Nation (which In These Times excerpted). “Unpaid internships and ‘volunteer’ situations (in cases where the person is really anything but) in fact tend to destroy jobs rather than create them, because firms learn that they don’t have to pay for work, they don’t have to hire.”

Since dropping its boycott of Huffington Post after many labor-funded progressives writers deseperate for publicity crossed the picket lines, the National Writers Union is now redoubling its efforts to get the company to pay writers who do original reporting and work with an editor.

“Refusing to pay workers, whether journalists or health professionals, is a sadly fitting tribute to the candidate of the one-percent. We know this is how Arianna operates. With the National Writers Union, writers and their allies are delivering a powerful message that this kind of exploitation must end,” says Andrew Van Alstyne, organizer of the National Writers Union’s “Pay the Writer” campaign.

This article is cross-posted from In These Times

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14 Comments

Add your own

  • 1. Aliothemage  |  September 3rd, 2012 at 5:20 pm

    So? They got something to put in their CV. And we have soemthig to put in their begging cup.

    What is wrong with that?noobs

  • 2. paul cripps  |  September 3rd, 2012 at 6:02 pm

    Just another fem-taint playing as a, progressive. This is anecdotal ,but where i come from my friend has to pay a trades man a fee for taking his son on as an apprentince, said trades man gets a government subsidy as well. When the usa had slavery , the laws were fairly clear on the treament of slaves,ie food ,lodging ,clothing, and slaves were not expected to pay their owners for the wonders of work.On a good note my friend has a long history of violence, so said tradesman in a couple of years will be employing an apprentince carer, fuckin cocksucker.Christ these people are the shit of humanity. Cheers Crippsy….

  • 3. immanuelkant  |  September 4th, 2012 at 3:45 am

    Great scoop exiled! And as a bonus for the almighty exiled censor I present to you the best Randroid post of all time – a classic Bryan Caplan effort:
    http://econlog.econlib.org/archives/2012/03/my_beautiful_bu.html

  • 4. Trevor  |  September 4th, 2012 at 5:55 am

    It makes a sick sort of sense. Americans are so eager to be slaves these days.

  • 5. David  |  September 4th, 2012 at 7:52 am

    “Exposure that leads to more work” is a fairly cruel carrot to dangle. The “exposure” What it really is a stamp that says “sucker who’s willing to do quality work for free”.

    I say this as someone who does volunteer work that I enjoy, partly in the hopes that it would lead to experience a career, but the only result I’ve gotten is more requests to be a volunteer. And really? how could it not, when there’s a horde of other fools working for nothing.

    I at least see it for what it is and only do those project I want to do & have the sense to abandon the monstrous self-important types who become tyrannical problem clients to a person they don’t even pay.

  • 6. Diablo  |  September 4th, 2012 at 1:37 pm

    My fucking college paper did that shit to me. For $10 an article, I would do op-eds and cover research going on in the engineering department. Now granted, as an engineering student myself, I suck at non-technical writing but I never got complaints and would actually get invited to research events because unlike the other writers, I could actually explain what was going on.

    We all got called into the office and the chief editor had the school rep there to hand out paperwork. We were suppose to not only sign off agreeing we were not getting paid for any future content, but that any outstanding money due was now forfeit. I was actually told by our asshole professor that this was the new journalism format. That we were getting good exposure and it would help us get post college careers. I basically told them to fuck off and walked out. Never got the money that was owed me. But what really fucking pissed me off is that everyone else just signed the new paperwork like it was no big deal.

    Not a single one of those kids I graduated with, who were journalism majors, have gotten paid work in their field. Granted its only been two years but still…all these assholes are stuck doing free work in some bizarre hope that they will suddenly get paid at random.

    Its a fucking joke. I am so fucking glad I got an engineering job that is placing me overseas. I’m done with people just happily taking crap.

  • 7. DtD  |  September 4th, 2012 at 2:50 pm

    This explains it all (and I do mean ALL of IT) perfectly:

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g8mynrRd7Ak&feature=player_embedded

  • 8. Cum  |  September 4th, 2012 at 4:40 pm

    Always happy to see Mike Elk on the site.

  • 9. Jay  |  September 5th, 2012 at 12:34 am

    Boo-hoo. And behind those 8,000 unpaid bloggers are 100,000 more waiting for their chance to write for free. It’s the Internet, even monkeys can type, and opinions are like assholes, so get used to it. Lucky for me, I earn 6.95 per hour, no over time, no vacation, no sick pay, no benefits, working out of Arianna Huffington’s dog house office to combat haters and jealous losers like you who dare criticize the grand opportunity people are getting when they work for free. Ha ha losers!

  • 10. WebExile  |  September 5th, 2012 at 1:50 am

    Thanks for helping me break my HuffPo habit. I admit to having a handful relapses, but I am almost two months into, what hopefully will be a future free of dependence on that insipid crap sandwich. To be quite honest, it had become my functional homepage, and since July I have been so glad to feel back in control of what I read and using other sources that seem less like cesspools of… well actually cesspool about covers it.

    Also, I would advise concerned Americans to watch and re-watch Charles Ferguson’s Inside Job from time to time. We have a lot of work to do to clean all this shit up.

  • 11. Epsilon  |  September 5th, 2012 at 4:26 am

    “Exposure”, heh. At least an Internship has a set period and a defined purpouse. This is just a pseudo-cult scam.

    Just like “tricke-down” economics, any plan that depends on the belevolence of the 1% tends to fail. Wonder why.

  • 12. Friedmanite  |  September 5th, 2012 at 10:47 am

    They are willing to work for free because their Marginal Utility is zero, if not negative. They just prefer zero over more leisure time

    ehy AEC Why don’t you take more economics courses instead of blatering about things you clearly don’t know jack(the natural laws of the market). AEC responds: Gee, why thank you, buddy! Do you think the great AEC would learn to support Pinochet and mooch off Social Security like the great Hitler von Hayek?

  • 13. Epsilon  |  September 5th, 2012 at 12:44 pm

    There is an argument that says that since most mainstream journalists are now corporate and/or political (I know, redundant) shills, and any idiot can do that, this is just a contest of who can degrade themselves the most to please the plutocrats.

    Of course that doesn’t excuse the simple fact that it’s slavery, and it will be used to propagate even more slavery, and they will never get the carrot, but is there.

    PS: The only “exposure” that people will get is a big, nice “SUCKER” tatoo on the forehead.

  • 14. hoax_jokr  |  September 9th, 2012 at 3:33 pm

    Back in the early days of blogging I used to fantasize about going to a Huffington speech or an Aspen panel she was on and ask her, “Hey Ariana, which one of these HTML tags forms a link?” while holding a sign saying, “1., 2., 3., 4..” I still think she’d fail it, cuz, does anyone really think that rich, overrated harridan can even turn on a computer, nevermind put a blog together?


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